committed to conserving...™

useful plants of india druryThe useful plants of India

with notices of their chief value in commerce, medicine and the arts


Heber Drury

William H. Allen & Co., 13 Waterloo Place, London, England.



Colonel Heber Drury (4 March 1819–30 October 1905) was an Army Officer from Britain who made significant contributions to botany in India. While working during his spare time, Drury was able to produce two books and several articles on botany. The Indian species of the slipper orchid in the genus Paphiopedilum, P. druryi, is named after him for his many contributions. This was collected in the hills of the famous Agastyamalai. Drury became a cadet and joined the Madras Native Infantry in 1837. He would go on to serve the British Army for the next thirty years of his life. He was stationed around various posts and was appreciated for his valuable skills.

Despite his busy schedule as an army officer, he was always able to make time for botany which was a real passion of his. With whatever time he could get, he delved into research and collection that resulted in some vital works with regards to Indian botany. One of the highlights of this period was the book titled The useful plants of India, with notices of their uses in medicine, commerce, and the arts and theHandbook of the Indian Flora. This was published in three volume and was dedicated to Rama Varma, the Travancore King.

Apart from this, some of this other important works were his notes on the Dutch in Malabar and on hunting. Both the experiences that he had were combined to form one book that painted a vivid picture of the region. Drury was able to provide valuable information in the book titled Reminiscences of Life and Sport in Southern India. To show further examples of his impact on Indian botany would be the several papers that he got published in the Madras Literary Journal. Drury and his family moved back to England after his retirement where he would die in 1905. He remains an important figure in two disciplines, the army and botany.

The standard author abbreviation used to indicate this person as the author, when citing a botanical name: Drury

5 plant species named BY Drury and 3 plant species named AFTER Drury.

© The above writeup on Drury by Nithyanand

adobe readerPublic DomainNo CopyrightThe useful plants of India


5 Plant species named BY Drury

The following 5 plant species names have been described and named BY Drury (Drury)

Eriolaena quinquelocularis (Wight & Arn.) Drury, Handb. Ind. Fl. 1: 99 (1864).

Isonandra acuminata Lindl. ex Drury, Usef. Pl. India 268 (1858).

Smelowskia borealis var. jordalii Drury & Rollins

Stilpnophyllum (Endl.) Drury, Handb. Ind. Fl. 3: 225 (1869).

Stilpnophyllum elasticum (Roxb. ex Hornem.) Drury, Handb. Ind. Fl. 3: 225 (1869).

travancore forests

3 Plant species named AFTER Drury

Data updated on the 5th of May 2020

The following 3 plant species' names have been described and named AFTER Drury (... druryi)


Cordula druryi Rolfe, Orchid Rev. 1912, xx. 2, in adnot.

Paphiopedilum druryi Pfitzer, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 19(1): 41 (1894).

Paphiopedilum druryi (Bedd.) Stein, Orchideenbuch 466 (1892).

travancore forests