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the flowering plants of western indiaThe flowering plants of western India



Alexander Kyd Nairne

Published by W. H. Allen & Co., Limited, 13, Waterloo Place, S. W., London, England.



Alexander Kyd Nairne ((1770, Döbra – 6 February 1819, Madras) was a German botanist, naturalist, and surgeon who worked in British India as a Botanist to Samalkot in the Madras Presidency under the British East India Company. He collected and described plants from southern India, many of which were named after him by European botanists. Through William Roxburgh he obtained a position in the Madras Presidency as a botanist at Samalkot around 1794. He was involved in introducing new food plants to overcome famines and these included potatoes and breadfruit. After the fall of Tipu Sultan, he was appointed to look for a new site for a botanical garden in Mysore and he chose Lalbagh. He moved many specimens from Samalkot to Lalbagh. He was formally titled "Naturalist and Botanist" in 1802

In 1800, after the fall of Mysore, the Lalbagh botanical garden at Bangalore was appropriated by the British East India Company "as a depository for useful plants sent from different parts of the country". Dr. Benjamin Heyne, the Company's botanist at Madras, was ordered by the Governor-General, Richard Wellesley to accompany the Surveyor. An important task assigned to the colonial botanical gardens was dealing with malaria, the largest obstacle to colonial expansion.[4] Heyne was placed in charge of the Lalbagh botanical garden till 1812. He did a great deal of collecting at Coimbatore and Bangalore and compiled a large collection of plant specimens which were forwarded to London.[5] He collected more than 350 species from the Western Ghats and more than 200 species were named by him.[6] He sent many of his Indian botanical specimens to the German botanist Albrecht Wilhelm Roth, whose work Novae plantarum species praesertim Indiae orientali (a book of Indian flora) is largely based on Heyne's botanical specimens.

In 1814, Dr. Heyne authored his major work: "Tracts, historical and statistical, on India: with journals of several tours through various parts of the peninsula: also, an account of Sumatra, in a series of letters ***

The standard author abbreviation used to indicate this person as the author, when citing a botanical name: Nairne

1 plant species named BY Nairne and 0 plant species named AFTER Nairne.

© The above writeup on Nairne by Nithyanand

adobe readerPublic DomainNo CopyrightThe flowering plants of western India

1 Plant species named BY Nairne

The following 1 plant species names has been described and named BY Nairne (Nairne)


Pleurogyne minor (Griseb.) Nairne, Fl. Pl. W. India 193 (1894).

travancore forests

0 Plant species named AFTER Nairne

Updated on the 24th of May 2020


travancore forests