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hortus indicus malabaricusHortus Indicus Malabaricus

Horti Malabarici pars prima, de varii generis Arboribus et fruticibus Siliquosis

Volumes 1-12

Hendrik van Rheede

Printed in Amsterdam, Nederlands.

1678-1703

Information

Hendrik Adriaan van Rheede tot Drakenstein (13 April 1636 - 15 December 1691) was a colonial administrator for the Dutch East India Company and a noted naturalist. From 1669 to 1676, he was the Governor of Cochin where he and his group of 25 employees made an important contribution to the flora of the region. The book titled Hortus Malabaricus, details 740 plants found in the Western Ghats through the states of Kerala, Karnataka and Goa. This book holds special importance to many botanists as the various translations have allowed it to become a guide to those interested in Asian botany. The book has been translated into English and Malayalam by K. S. Manilal and published by the University of Kerala.

Carl Linnaeus known as the father of modern botany made extensive use of Rheede’s book as he trusted the author’s expertise. A lot of Rheede’s work was encouraged by the Dutch East India Company as they would use this information to better fight diseases. Hortus Malabaricus is important also because it talks about the economic and medical benefits to be gained from plants in the region. Another indication of its relevance can be attributed to the fact that it contains the lectotype for eleven plants. For example, van Reede’s ‘Todda Panna’ was declared the lectotype for Cycas circinalis by Stevenson et al in 1993. Linnaeus had established the genus Cycas in 1753 but since then confusion has reigned over the proper identification of various species within it; for it seems clear that Linnaeus had based some of his comments on earlier works where different species had not been correctly identified. In subsequent commentaries on the plant, Cycas rumphii and Cycas circinalis have often been used interchangeably. Several species of plants have their “type” illustrations in this work.

Hortus Malabaricus is a work of 12 volumes with as many as 794 illustrations. Each plant of the Malabar region has been recreated in detail and in languages such as Latin, Arabic, Sanskrit and Malayalam. Rheede also understood the benefit that would be gained from using the help of the locals. He collaborated with people like Itti Achuden, Ranga Bhat, Appu Bhat and Vinayak Pandit to create his magnum opus. The effort proved to be worth it as has become one of the  most valued works used by many generations.

The standard author abbreviation used to indicate this person as the author, when citing a botanical name: Rheede

1 plant genus named BY Rheede and 95 plant species named AFTER Rheede.

 
© The above writeup on Rheede by Nithyanand
 

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1 Plant genus has been named BY Rheede

The following 1 plant genus has been described and named BY Rheede (Rheede)

 

Kua Rheede ex Medik., Hist. & Commentat. Acad. Elect. Sci. Theod.-Palat. vi. Phys. (1790) 394, cum ic.

 

 

The genus Kua is now a synonym of the genus Curcuma in the family Zingiberaceae.

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95 Plant species named AFTER Rheede

Updated on the 4th of May 2020

The following 95 plant species names have been described and named AFTER Rheede (... rheedei)

 

Acalypha rheedei (J.Graham) M.R.Almeida, Fl. Maharashtra 4B: 284 (2003).

Allophylus rheedei Radlk., Nat. Pflanzenfam. [Engler & Prantl] iii. 5. (1895) 313.

Alpinia rheedei Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. [Wight] 6. t. 2026.

Anotis rheedei Benth. & Hook.f., Gen. Pl. [Bentham & Hooker f.] 2(1): 59 (1873), nom. inval.

Anotis rheedei (Wight & Arn.) Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India [J. D. Hooker] 3(7): 73 (1880).

Beesha rheedei Kunth, Révis. Gramin. i. 141.

Bruguiera rheedei Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 1: 92 (1827).

Bryonia rheedei Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15: 925 (1826).

Bulbophyllum rheedei Manilal & C.S.Kumar, Rheedea 1(1–2): 55 (1991) (1991).

Calamus rheedei Griff., Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. v. (1845) 73, nota.

Callicarpa rheedei Kostel., Allg. Med.-Pharm. Fl. 3: 829 (1834).

Cansjera rheedei J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat., ed. 13[bis]. 2(1): 280 (1791).

Cansjera rheedei Blanco, Fl. Filip. [F.M. Blanco] 73 (1837).

Cansjera rheedei Náves ex Fern.-Vill., Nov. App. 190 (1880).

Canthium rheedei DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 4: 474 (1830).

Capparis rheedei DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 1: 246 (1824).

Chonemorpha rheedei Ridl., Agric. Bull. Straits & Fed. Mal. States x. 146 (1911).

Cinnamomum rheedei Lukman., Nomencl. Icon. Cannel. 8 (1889).

Convolvulus rheedei Wall., Fl. Ind. (Carey & Wallich ed.) 2: 70 (1824).

Crepidium rheedei Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 8: 387 (1825).

Crepidium rheedei subsp. purpureiflorum (Ames & Quisumb.) Marg., Taxon. Red. Subtribe Malaxidinae 84 (2012).

Croton rheedei J.Graham, Cat. Pl. Bombay [Graham] 182 (1839).

Cucumis rheedei Kostel., Allg. Med.-Pharm. Fl. 2: 738 (1833).

Cyperus rheedei F.Muell., Descr. Notes Papuan Pl. 2(7): 34 (1886).

Daemonorops rheedei Mart., Hist. Nat. Palm. iii. 330.

Diasperus rheedei Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 600 (1891).

Dicliptera rheedei Kostel., Allg. Med.-Pharm. Fl. 3: 934 (1834).

Diteilis rheedei M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Orchadian 15(1): 41 (2005).

Dolichandrone rheedei Seem., J. Bot. 8: 380 (1870).

Ellertonia rheedei Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. [Wight] iv. t. 1295.

Entada rheedei Spreng., Syst. Veg., ed. 16 [Sprengel] 2: 325 (1825).

Erimatalia rheedei Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis [Roemer & Schultes] 5: 331 (1819).

Erycibe rheedei Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 16: 1047.

Ficus rheedei J.Graham, Cat. Pl. Bombay [Graham] 192 (1839) (1839).

Garcinia rheedei Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochinch. fasc. v. 34 (1883).

Gastrochilus rheedei Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 661 (1891).

Gmelina rheedei Hook., Bot. Mag. 74: t. 4395 (1848).

Hedyotis rheedei Wight & Arn., Cat. Ind. Pl. 75 (24 Sept. 1834) (1834).

Hedyotis rheedei Wight & Arn., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 409 (1834).

Heligme rheedei Náves, Fl. Filip., ed. 3 [F.M. Blanco] t. 310.

Heligme rheedei Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. [Wight] iv. t. 1303.

Holostemma rheedei Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. (Wallich). 2: 51. 1831; et Cat. n. 4409.

Hymenodictyon rheedei (Roem. & Schult.) M.R.Almeida & S.M.Almeida, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 83(Suppl.): 223 (1987), as 'rheedii': (1987).

Impatiens rheedei Wight & Arn., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 138 (1834).

Kandelia rheedei Wight & Arn., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 311 (1834).

Karivia rheedei M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2: 45 (1846).

Liparis rheedei Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. 26 (1830).

Lucinaea rheedei Korth., Ned. Kruidk. Arch. ii. (1851) 167.

Macraea rheedei Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. [Wight] v. II. 27 (1852).

Malaxis rheedei Sw., Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Nya Handl. xxi. (1800) 235.

Malaxis rheedei Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 8: 389 (1825), nom. illeg.

Malaxis rheedei B.Heyne ex Wall., Numer. List [Wallich] sub n. 1939 (1829).

Melocanna rheedei Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1(3): 332 (1854).

Michelia rheedei Wight, Ill. Ind. Bot. 1: 14, t. 5. f. 6 (1831).

Microstylis rheedei Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. [Wight] t. 902.

Microstylis rheedei Rchb.f., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 30(1): 138 (non alior.) (1874).

Microstylis rheedei Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. 21 (1830).

Neanotis rheedei (Wall. ex Wight & Arn.) W.H.Lewis, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. liii. 40 (1966).

Nelumbium rheedei C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. ii. 183 in obs.

Ochlandra rheedei Benth. & Hook.f. ex Gamble, Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Calcutta) 7: 121.

Osbeckia rheedei Gardner ex Thwaites, Enum. Pl. Zeyl. [Thwaites] 104 (1859).

Oxydectes rheedei Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 612 (1891).

Pajanelia rheedei Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. [Wight] t. 1343.

Palmijuncus rheedei Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 732 (1891).

Pandanus rheedei Gaudich., Voy. Bonite, Bot. 3(Atlas): t. 22, f. 12 (1841).

Parsonsia rheedei F.Villar., Nov. App. 130 (1880).

Phrynium rheedei Suresh & Nicolson, Taxon 35(2): 355 (1986).

Phyllanthus rheedei Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. [Wight] t. 1895.

Phyllanthus rheedei var. hispidus (Gamble) M.R.Almeida, Fl. Maharashtra 4B: 345 (2003).

Plectronia rheedei (DC.) Bedd., Fl. Sylv. S. India Forester's Man. Bot.: p. cxxxiv/5 (1872).

Polypodium rheedei Kostel., Allg. Med.-Pharm. Fl. 1: 58 (Rheede t.12,13) (1831).

Polyscias rheedei Reinw. ex de Vriese, Pl. Ind. Bat. Reinw. 87.

Pouzolzia rheedei Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. [Wight] vi. 43.

Rhizophora rheedei Steud., Nomencl. Bot. [Steudel], ed. 2. 2: 449 (1841).

Rhynchoglossum rheedei DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 9: 274 (1845).

Rhytionanthos rheedei (Manilal & C.S.Kumar) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist, Nordic J. Bot. 14(6): 639 (1994): (1994).

Saccolabium rheedei Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. [Wight] v. 19.

Samara rheedei Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. [Wight] t. 1591.

Schmidelia rheedei Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. [Wight] t. 964; Spicil. Neilgherr. i. 30. t. 33.

Seidenfia rheedei (Sw.) Szlach., Fragm. Florist. Geobot. Supp. 3: 122 (1995): (1995).

Sonerila rheedei Wall., Numer. List [Wallich] n. 4096. 1831; Wight & Arn. Prod. 321.

Spathodea rheedei Spreng., Syst. Veg., ed. 16 [Sprengel] 2: 835 (1825).

Stravadium rheedei Blume, Fl. Serres Jard. Eur. 7: 24.

Strychnos rheedei C.B.Clarke, Fl. Brit. India [J. D. Hooker] 4(10): 87 (1883).

Stylocoryna rheedei Kostel., Allg. Med.-Pharm. Fl. 2: 576 (1833).

Tephrosia rheedei DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 2: 255 (1825).

Tetracera rheedei DC., Syst. Nat. [Candolle] 1: 402 (1817).

Tsjeracanarinam rheedei (J.F.Gmel.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 112 (1891).

Unjala rheedei Reinw. ex Blume, Cat. Gew. Buitenzorg (Blume) 56 (Rhedii) (1823).

Vernonia rheedei Kostel., Allg. Med.-Pharm. Fl. 2: 641 (Quid ?) (1833).

Villarsia rheedei Kostel., Allg. Med.-Pharm. Fl. 3: 1031 (1834).

Vitex rheedei Kostel., Allg. Med.-Pharm. Fl. 3: 826 (1834).

Vitis rheedei Wight & Arn., Cat. Ind. Pl. 27 (1833) (1833).

Vitis rheedei Wight & Arn., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 127 (1834).

Wrightia rheedei Kostel., Allg. Med.-Pharm. Fl. 3: 1060 (1834).

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