monsoon clouds

A warming earth, researchers now say, will lead to a loss of clouds, allowing more solar energy to strike the planet.


Mangroves protect coastlines, treat polluted waters, provide livelihoods and resources for some of the world’s poorest people

tree hole

Trees are growing more rapidly with greater volume of wood, due to climate change, but it now contains less material than just a few decades ago.

sirumalai hills

Forests act as a solution for greenhouse gas emissions and restoring forest landscapes helps enhance climate change mitigation and adaptation.

Palmyrah trees

Palmyra palm tree grows extremely well on even sandy soil without much sediments. It is known to withstand dry seasons for 1 or 2 years.

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cities and climate change ...

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The planet will feel climate change's impacts over coming decades. But some cities will see more dramatic changes in temperature or rainfall than others.

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© National Geographic
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earth day 2020 & climate ...

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The theme for Earth Day 2020 is climate action. The enormous challenge on climate change have distinguished the issue as the most pressing topic ...

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© Earth Day
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indigenous people & pandemic ...

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For the Kankanaey-Igorot indigenous people of the Philippines, closing off their community to the outside world is an annual tradition known as ubaya — a time of rest ...

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© Conservation International
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Research at The Rainforest Initiative

The Rainforest Initiative has launched and executed a number of research projects in different parts of the Western Ghats and southern India. Based on the results of this research, The Rainforest Initiative designs and implements conservation programs. The Rainforest Initiative believes in reaching out with the results of its research and conservation to a wider audience encompassing the scientific fraternity, policy-makers, and the public, to bring about awareness and catalyse action needed to conserve India's rainforest flora and fauna. The work of The Rainforest Initiative has resulted in a number of publications in international peer-reviewed journals


Feeding habits of the bonnet macaques

Feeding habits of the bonnet macaquesUnderstanding the extent of intraspecific variation in primate diets is important because of the many insights it can provide into evolutionary and ecological influences on feeding behavior. It was in this context that the feeding habits of the bonnet macaque (Macaca radiata) were chosen for a short-term study.


Geophagy (soil eating) in the bonnet macaques

Termite mound soil eaten by the bonnet macaqueBonnet macaques (Macaca radiata) in the Marakkanam Reserved Forest of southern India consume termitaria soils. Samples from the ingested termite mounds are compared with samples taken from the surrounding uneaten soils in an attempt to determine why the termitaria soils are eaten.


Phyto-ecology of the lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus) habitats in southern India

Lion-tailed macaqueIn this study, the habitat quality of the lion-tailed macaque with special reference to the food-species richness and density. 48 Transects (250x10 meters each) was laid in the entire lion-tailed macaque habitat (720x40 km2). This study tries to look at the monkeys from the vegetation's point of view.


Phenological observations in the rainforests of southern India

Michelia champaca fruitsPhenology of 584 trees from 129 woody plant species was monitored in Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary, Karnataka for a period of 2 years, from 1997 to 1998. The presence/absence of vegetative and reproductive parts were recorded from 2 to 12 trees per species in two trails of 4 km and 12 km respectively.


Status and distribution of the "Hanuman langurs" in southern India

Hanuman langurA survey, covering 8,000 km2, on the Hanuman langurs (Semnopithecus spp.) was conducted in the states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka. This study was initiated due to the sub-species of Semopithecus entellus being made into 8 different species. This survey concentrated on Semnopithecus hypoleucos found in the Madikeri area of Karnataka.

pangolins smuggledCOVID-19 and Conservation practices ...

To prevent the next Coronavirus; we have to stop illegal wildlife trade and respect CITES

Pandemic disease outbreaks will become more common if countries do not end the global wildlife trade, according to experts ...
Indonesian Navy officers bring some containers of smuggled pangolins at Belawan Port in Medan, Indonesia on June 13, 2017. (© Xinhua/Andri Ginting)

International Year of Plant HealthThe United Nations has declared 2020 as the International Year of Plant Health (IYPH). The year is a once in a lifetime opportunity to raise global awareness on how protecting plant health can help end hunger, reduce poverty, protect the environment, and boost economic development.






The Hortus Indicus Malabaricus comprises 12 volumes of about 500 pages each, with 794 copper plate engravings. The first of the 12 volumes of the book was published in 1678, and the last in 1693. It is believed to be the earliest comprehensive printed work on the flora of southern India, Asia and the tropics.

Available HERE for one's perusal.


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the flora


for southern india



Col. Richard Henry Beddome was a British military officer and naturalist in India. His publications include The Flora Sylvatica for Southern India, 1869–73; Ferns of Southern India, 1873; Ferns of British India, 1876; Forester's Manual of Botany for Southern India, 1869–74; Icones Plantarum Indies Orientalis, 1874.

Available HERE for one's perusal.


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plants of the


of coromandel



William Roxburgh was a Scottish surgeon and botanist who worked extensively in India, describing species and working on economic botany. He is known as the founding father of Indian botany. In 1795 Plants of the coast of Coromandel was published in 3 volumes. He was elected a Fellow of the Linnean Society.

Available HERE for one's perusal.


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the fauna of british


including ... Moths



Sir George Francis Hampson was an English entomologist. Hampson travelled to India to become a tea-planter in the Nilgiri Hills, where he became interested in moths and butterflies. He then commenced work on The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma: Moths (4 volumes 1892-1896).

Available HERE for one's perusal.


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