Phyto-ecology of lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus) habitats in Karnataka, India: Floristic structure and density of food-trees
R. KRISHNAMANI. & AJITH KUMAR
PRIMATE REPORT 58: 27–56
This paper deals with the phyto-ecology, floristic diversity and density of food-trees in the habitats of the lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus), in Karnataka State of peninsular India. Woody trees and lianas were sampled from three belt transects (250m x 10m) in each of the five study areas. A total of 190 woody plant species were identified from these plots, of which 74 (38.9%) were food-trees of the lion-tailed macaque. The relative density of these species was high (57.1%) indicating that the habitat in Karnataka can probably support a good population of lion-tailed macaque. However, this analysis does not take into account the relative importance of the plant species in the diet. Nearly 27% of the food-trees of the lion-tailed macaques were exploited as non-timber forest products in the study area.
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